"Club Beautie, I need your help. I want to take better care of my skin - Where and how do I start?"
Skincare routine and consistency. The phrase dominating our Instagram feed and the answer to how to get that "outer glow feeling". What should it involve?
Here you'll find descriptions for each stage of your skincare routine, keep on reading for the first step.
"I'm clueless what should be the first step in my routine?"
Wash with a cleanser; You want to start with fresh skin. Cleansers remove dirt, oils, makeup and dead skin cells, while also unclogging pores and working to minimise acne or the risk of it. That's ALOT right, the reason why it's a non-negotiable in looking after your skin. If it's not used, the build-up of dirty residue (that you probably can't even see) will leave your skin with a dull appearance.
Remember that face WASH deeply cleanses pores, while face CLEANSERS purify, hydrate and soothe. The wrong cleansers leave your skin tight, dry, itchy, oily or flaky.
Generally, you'll only need to cleanse 1-2 times daily depending on your skin type:
Dry skin: can survive with just the nightly wash
Oily skin: Twice daily (although, the face wash is better suited)
Always use after a high-intensity activity such as workouts or swimming.
"So I cleanse my skin and then I moisturise …right?"
Hold on, not just yet. First, we tone. Traditionally, toners were heavy in alcohol, leaving the skin to feel dehydrated. Luckily, technology has improved and toners now work to give your skin a hydrating boost while removing dead skin cells on the surface. The water-like consistency preps your skin to absorb the rest of the products in your routine more efficiently and closes gaps in the skin to limit the number of impurities getting in.
Use 1-2 times daily and immediately after cleansing...within seconds; It's most effective when your skin is still slightly damp. You can pat it onto your skin using your fingertips, or briefly blot using a cotton pad. Many also come in spray bottle form (easier usage and reduces the usage of cotton pads = it's a win/win)
Here are some ingredients to look out for depending on your skin type:
Sensitive: skin calming botanicals (E.g. avocado, lavender and olive)
Oily: salicylic acid
Dull: natural exfoliants (E.g. papaya extract)
Dry: fermented yeast
Mature: antioxidants (E.g. vitamin C and vitamin E
"Okay, this doesn't seem too hard. What's next?"
Serums, deliver high concentrations of active ingredients, deep into your skin to target specific issues such as sensitive, dry and ageing skin or help improve overall texture. They can be moisturising but aren't substitutes for your daily moisturiser. Water-based serums work under the skin to deliver specific ingredients while oil-based serums work over your moisturiser to lock in that all-day moisture.
"Do I moisturise now?"
Yes, now you moisture. It is a type of cream, packed with minerals and vitamins, made to hydrate skin for a smooth appearance; Use twice daily (morning and evening). Good moisturisers promote the production of collagen which is a key protein in the skin to promote elasticity, keeping it younger, for longer!
Sometimes, natural oils build up under our skin, reducing its moisture and giving it an overall oily look. This is because your skin may lack moisture and reacts by producing an excessive amount of it. Ironically, to counter that, moisturisers are used to create a balance between the excessive and natural oils produced.
Oily skin: light, gel-based consistency with no added oils
Dry skin: quite thick consistency with hyaluronic acid which retains water for extra moisture
Combination skin: light, oil-free and water-based - Matt like texture
Sensitive skin: super clean and fragrance-free (patch test on the arm first before applying to face)
"This wasn't that bad. I feel like I now know everything about looking after my skin!"
Not just yet! Don't forget your sunscreen! Every day you go out, you are exposed to a level of radiation from the sun, even on cloudy days. Wearing sunscreen creates a barrier from the UV rays by staying on the surface of your skin, absorbing, reflecting and deflecting UV rays before they can even reach your skin. Put some on every day at least 15 minutes before going out so the product has time to activate and reapply immediately after working out, or depending on how long you stay outside.
Wearing suncream reduces your risk of skin cancer, premature ageing i.e. wrinkles and of course, sunburn. However, only the SPFs labelled "broad spectrum" cover you from all three risks; If it doesn't have that label then it's only protecting you from sunburn.
Understanding sunscreen can be a bit hard; Let's break it down. Firstly, SPF is what it would usually be labelled. It stands for Sun Protection Factor, the effectiveness of suncream against sunburn; The higher the SPF, the more the protection. It is an indication of how long a person can be exposed to the sun before getting burnt. If normally, it would take you 10 minutes to start getting sunburned with SPF30, it will then take you 300 minutes; you can enjoy time in the sun for 290 more minutes without getting burnt!
And there you have it! Your complete guide on a daily skincare routine. There are also other steps that you could include that aren't to be used daily such a steaming or exfoliating (we'll explain that in another post).
Remember, the real inner glow in your skin comes, not just from self-care, but self-love. Gratitude for your skin, as it is, is the No.1 step before you'll see any developments.
Here at Club Beautie, we're here to help.